Greece is located between parallels of 340 and 420 of the Northern hemisphere, bordering the eastern Mediterranean. The climate is generally typical of a Mediterranean climate: mild and rainy winters, relatively warm and dry summers and plenty of sunshine throughout the year (approximately 280 days per year).
Greece is blessed to enjoy the four seasons (winter, autumn, spring, summer) climatic periods over the year. In addition in most of the locations and for long periods the climate is dry with no or very low humidity.
In several regions,Greece presents a wide variety of climate subtypes, always within the Mediterranean climate. This is due to the topography of the country which has great altitude differences (great mountain chains along the central part and other massifs) and alternation of land and sea. So the dry climate of Attica and generally eastern Greece reverts to liquid Northern and Western Greece. Such climatic differences occur even in places that are close to each other, which occurs in only a few countries around the world .
The coldest months are January and February, where on average the average temperature ranges from 5-18 0 C. The rain in the country,even during the winter does not last for many days and the sky does not remain cloudy for several consecutive days, contrary to other regions of the world . The winter storms are often interrupted during January and the first fortnight of February by sunny days that are said as ” halcyon days “.
During the warm and dry period the weather is stable, the sky is clear and blue , the sun is shining and there is no rain except rarely breaks with heavy rain ,which does not last for long.
The warmest period is the last ten days of July and first of August, when the average maximum temperature ranges from 29 o C to 35 o C. During the warm season high temperatures are tempered by the cool sea breeze in coastal areas of the country from north winds (annual) blowing mainly in the Aegean.
Spring is short and the summer begins early. Autumn is long and hot, and sometimes extended until the middle of December.